Hieromonk Anthony from Tolshevsky monastery served secretly from one house to another. He
tonsured many into monasticism.
In 1942 he and three monks dug out an underground hut in a shed (in Uglyanka) and there constructed a church with an altar. It was a secret monastery. Three monks lived with him: Fr. Raphael, Fr. Gabriel, and Fr. Angelist – old men whom he had tonsured into monasticism. And they were such workers! They never left the dug-out and slept there.
[*A dug-out, also known as a pit-house or earth lodge, is a shelter for humans or domesticated
animals and livestock based on a hole or depression dug into the ground. Dugouts can be fully recessed into the earth, with a flat roof covered by ground, or dug into a hillside. They can also be semi-recessed, with a constructed wood or sod roof standing out. These structures are one of the most ancient types of human housing.]