April 15, 2024

True Orthodox Diocese of Western Europe

Russian True Orthodox Church (RTOC)

The Holy Transfiguration: Sermon by St. Philaret Metropolitan of New York

3 min read

For the Light of the World
When Thou wast transfigured on the mountain, O Christ our God, Thou didst show Thy glory to Thy disciples as far as they could bear it. Let Thy everlasting light shine also upon us sinners through the intercessions of the Theotokos. Giver of Light, glory to Thee.(Troparion of the Feast, Tone 7)
Thus sings our holy Church on this Feast day, recalling that wondrous event which took place so long ago on Mount Tabor. On that same mountain,.rising majestically above the Palestinian plain, there is even today a triumphant celebration of that glorious event.
In telling us how the Transfiguration occurred, the holy Gospel says that the Saviour went up the mountain “to pray.” Referring to this passage in a sermon, one of our great bishops explained that the immediate purpose of His ascending the mountain was the Saviour’s intention to pray there. But not only to pray, for the troparion says that He showed His glory to His disciples “as far as they could bear it,” i.e., as far as they were able to perceive this glory. And the kontakion indicates that the Lord did this precisely in order that they would remember this wondrous miracle when the time came for Him to suffer…
And so we pray, “Let the light shine also upon us sinners, through the prayers of the Theotokos.”
What spiritual darkness has settled upon the world today! And it is becoming increasingly darker,. more dense. The Lord said in the Gospel that he who performs evil cannot abide in the light but executes his deeds in darkness, fearing the light and fleeing from it. And now a thick darkness has enveloped mankind, Because of this all manner of iniquity, all filth which is conceived today by the sons of men, all this is performed openly. Clearly. for most of humanity, the spiritual light is already fading out and is all but extinguished. For this reason, we must pray that the everlasting light which illumined the Apostles on Mt. Tabor would shine also upon us. The Lord went up the mountain to pray, and during prayer, He was transfigured. We know from the lives of saints that many of them were similarly wondrously transformed-and it was precisely during times of prayer.. just as the ancient ascetics shone with a blaze of light like the sun, so too in more recent times in Russia great ascetics have shone with uncreated light  From the life of St. Seraphim, you know how his holy face shone like the sun during his conversation with Motovilov. We also know of an incident in the life of Elder Ambrose (of Optina); while he was alone in his cell praying, a monk hurriedly entered, and just as suddenly rap out in fright-he had beheld the race of the praying elder shining like the sun in the darkness of his cell, Likewise, we know that many saw St:’ John of Kronstadt surrounded by a wondrous divine light just at the time when he was before the altar offering his flaming prayer to the Lord of Glory. Experience has shown that when someone truly prays, he becomes enlightened. One can always distinguish between those who pray hypocritically, for show, and those who pray sincerely, thinking of no one else save God before Whom alone they stand.
Lt is this spiritual light, this everlasting light, which can illumine us during sincere prayer: For this reason, whether we pray for a long time or for a short time, we must regard the moments spent in prayer as the most important time of our life, for it is during this time that we stand before God and converse with Him. The Holy Fathers say that during the reading of the Holy Gospel and the patristic writings, God converses with us. And in prayer-we converse with God, This is of great benefit to the soul, for it is in conversing with one’s Creator and Lord that the soul is illumined with that light for which we pray on this •bright Feast of our Lord’s Transfiguration.
Metropolitan Philaret

First Hierarch of the Russian Church Abroad

1 thought on “The Holy Transfiguration: Sermon by St. Philaret Metropolitan of New York

  1. «the light of thy countenance, O Lord, has been manifested towards us. »

    “And He was transfigured before them. His face shone like the sun, and His clothes became as white as the light” (Mt. 17:2)

    light” (Mt. 17:2).

    The true aim of our Christian life is the acquisition of the Holy Spirit.
    St Seraphim of Sarov

    St Seraphim of Sarov and the Vision of the Uncreated Light

    “[T]he Lord has frequently demonstrated before many witnesses how the grace of the Holy Spirit acts on people whom He has sanctified and illumined by His great inspirations. Remember Moses after his talk with God on Mount Sinai. He so shone with an extraordinary light that people were unable to look at him. He was even forced to wear a veil when he appeared in public.

    Remember the Transfiguration of the Lord on Mount Tabor. A great light encircled Him, “and His raiment became shining, exceedingly white like snow” (Mk. 9:3), and His disciples fell on their faces from fear. But when Moses and Elijah appeared to Him in that light, a cloud overshadowed them in order to hide the radiance of the light of the divine grace which blinded the eyes of the disciples. Thus the grace of the All-Holy Spirit of God appears in an ineffable light to all to whom God reveals its action.”

    “But how,” I asked Father Seraphim, “can I know that I am in the grace of the Holy Spirit?”

    “It is very simple, your Godliness,” he replied. “That is why the Lord says: ‘All things are simple to those who find knowledge‘ (Prov. 8:9, Septuagint). The trouble is that we do not seek this divine knowledge which does not puff up, for it is not of this world. This knowledge which is full of love for God and for our neighbour builds up every man for his salvation.

    Of this knowledge the Lord said that God wills all men to be saved, and to come to the knowledge of the truth (I Tim. 2:4). And of the lack of this knowledge He said to His Apostles: Are you also yet without understanding (Mat. 15:16)?

    Concerning this understanding [15], it is said in the Gospel of the Apostles: Then opened He their understanding (Lk. 24:45), and the Apostles always perceived whether the Spirit of God was dwelling in them or not; and being filled with understanding, they saw the presence of the Holy Spirit with them and declared positively that their work was holy and entirely pleasing to the Lord God.

    That explains why in their Epistles they wrote: It seemed good to the Holy Spirit and to us (Acts 15:28). Only on these grounds did they offer their Epistles as immutable truth for the benefit of all the faithful. Thus the holy Apostles were consciously aware of the presence in themselves of the Spirit of God. And so you see, your Godliness, how simple it is!”

    “Nevertheless,” I replied, “I do not understand how I can be certain that I am in the Spirit of God. How can I discern for myself His true manifestation in me?”

    Father Seraphim replied: “I have already told you, your Godliness, that it is very simple and I have related in detail how people come to be in the Spirit of God and how we can recognize His presence in us. So what do you want, my son?”

    “I want to understand it well,” I said.

    Μεταμόρφωσις του Σωτήρος Χριστού_Преображение Господне_Transfiguration of Jesus- Greek Byzantine Orthodox Icontransfiguration (2)Then Father Seraphim took me very firmly by the shoulders and said: “We are both in the Spirit of God now, my son. Why don’t you look at me?”

    I replied: “I cannot look, Father, because your eyes are flashing like lightning. Your face has become brighter than the sun, and my eyes ache with pain.”

    Father Seraphim said: “Don’t be alarmed, your Godliness! Now you yourself have become as bright as I am. You are now in the fullness of the Spirit of God yourself; otherwise you would not be able to see me as I am.”

    Then, bending his head towards me, he whispered softly in my ear: “Thank the Lord God for His unutterable mercy to us! You saw that I did not even cross myself; and only in my heart I prayed mentally to the Lord God and said within myself: ‘Lord, grant him to see clearly with his bodily eyes that descent of Thy Spirit which Thou grantest to Thy servants when Thou art pleased to appear in the light of Thy magnificent glory.’

    And you see, my son, the Lord instantly fulfilled the humble prayer of poor Seraphim. How then shall we not thank Him for this unspeakable gift to us both? Even to the greatest hermits, my son, the Lord God does not always show His mercy in this way. This grace of God, like a loving mother, has been pleased to comfort your contrite heart at the intercession of the Mother of God herself. But why, my son, do you not look me in the eyes? Just look, and don’t be afraid! The Lord is with us!”

    After these words I glanced at his face and there came over me an even greater reverent awe. Imagine in the center of the sun, in the dazzling light of its midday rays, the face of a man talking to you.

    You see the movement of his lips and the changing expression of his eyes, you hear his voice, you feel someone holding your shoulders; yet you do not see his hands, you do not even see yourself or his figure, but only a blinding light spreading far around for several yards and illumining with its glaring sheen both the snow-blanket which covered the forest glade and the snow-flakes which besprinkled me and the great Elder. You can imagine the state I was in!

    “How do you feel now?” Father Seraphim asked me.

    “Extraordinarily well,” I said.

    “But in what way? How exactly do you feel well?”

    I answered: “I feel such calmness and peace in my soul that no words can express it.”

    “This, your Godliness,” said Father Seraphim, “is that peace of which the Lord said to His disciples: My peace I give unto you; not as the world gives, give I unto you (Jn. 14:21). If you were of the world, the world would love its own; but because I have chosen you out of the world, therefore the world hates you (Jn. 15:19). But be of good cheer; I have overcome the world (Jn. 16:33).

    And to those people whom this world hates but who are chosen by the Lord, the Lord gives that peace which you now feel within you, the peace which, in the words of the Apostle, passes all understanding (Phil. 4:7). The Apostle describes it in this way, because it is impossible to express in words the spiritual well-being which it produces in those into whose hearts the Lord God has infused it.

    Christ the Saviour calls it a peace which comes from His own generosity and is not of this world, for no temporary earthly prosperity can give it to the human heart; it is granted from on high by the Lord God Himself, and that is why it is called the peace of God. What else do you feel?” Father Seraphim asked me.

    “An extraordinary sweetness,” I replied.

    And he continued: “This is that sweetness of which it is said in Holy Scripture: They will be inebriated with the fatness of Thy house; and Thou shalt make them drink of the torrent of Thy delight (Ps. 35:8) [16]. And now this sweetness is flooding our hearts and coursing through our veins with unutterable delight. From this sweetness our hearts melt as it were, and both of us are filled with such happiness as tongue cannot tell. What else do you feel?”

    “An extraordinary joy in all my heart.”

    And Father Seraphim continued: “When the Spirit of God comes down to man and overshadows him with the fullness of His inspiration, then the human soul overflows with unspeakable joy, for the Spirit of God fills with joy whatever He touches . . . What else do you feel, your Godliness?”

    I answered: “An extraordinary warmth.”

    “How can you feel warmth, my son? Look, we are sitting in the forest. It is winter out-of-doors, and snow is underfoot. There is more than an inch of snow on us, and the snowflakes are still falling. What warmth can there be?”

    I answered: “Such as there is in a bath-house when the water is poured on the stone and the steam rises in clouds.”

    “And the smell?” he asked me. “Is it the same as in the bath-house?”

    “No,” I replied. “There is nothing on earth like this fragrance. When in my dear mother’s lifetime I was fond of dancing and used to go to balls and parties, my mother would sprinkle me with scent which she bought at the best shops in Kazan. But those scents did not exhale such fragrance.”

    Σεραφείμ του Σάρωφ μεσ’ το Αγιο Πνευμα_Беседа преп. Серафима с Николаем А. Мотовиловым_ St. Seraphim of Sarov with Nicholas Motovilov_161-450x600And Father Seraphim, smiling pleasantly, said: “I know it myself just as well as you do, my son, but I am asking you on purpose to see whether you feel it in the same way. It is absolutely true, your Godliness! The sweetest earthly fragrance cannot be compared with the fragrance which we now feel, for we are now enveloped in the fragrance of the Holy Spirit of God. What on earth can be like it?

    Mark, your Godliness, you have told me that around us it is warm as in a bath-house; but look, neither on you nor on me does the snow melt, nor does it underfoot; therefore, this warmth is not in the air but in us. It is that very warmth about which the Holy Spirit in the words of prayer makes us cry to the Lord: ‘Warm me with the warmth of Thy Holy Spirit!’

    By it the hermits of both sexes were kept warm and did not fear the winter frost, being clad, as in fur coats, in the grace-given clothing woven by the Holy Spirit. And so it must be in actual fact, for the grace of God must dwell within us, in our heart, because the Lord said: The Kingdom of God is within you (Lk. 17:21). By the Kingdom of God the Lord meant the grace of the Holy Spirit.

    This Kingdom of God is now within us, and the grace of the Holy Spirit shines upon us and warms us from without as well. It fills the surrounding air with many fragrant odours, sweetens our senses with heavenly delight and floods our hearts with unutterable joy.

    Our present state is that of which the Apostle says; The Kingdom of God is not food and drink, but righteousness and peace and joy in the Holy Spirit (Rom. 14:17). Our faith consists not in the plausible words of earthly wisdom, but in the demonstration of the Spirit and power (cp. I Cor.2:4).

    That is just the state that we are in now. Of this state the Lord said: There are some of those standing here who shall not taste of death till they see the Kingdom of God come in power (Mk. 9:1).


    Σεραφείμ Σάρωφ_St. Seraphim of Sarov_ Преподобный Серафим Саровский_8beaefead56c7daSee, my son, what unspeakable joy the Lord God has now granted us! This is what it means to be in the fullness of the Holy Spirit, about which St. Macarius of Egypt writes: ‘I myself was in the fullness of the Holy Spirit.’

    With this fullness of His Holy Spirit the Lord has now filled us poor creatures to overflowing. So there is no need now, your Godliness, to ask how people come to be in the grace of the Holy Spirit. Will you remember this manifestation of God’s ineffable mercy which has visited us?”

    “I don’t know, Father,” I said, “whether the Lord will grant me to remember this mercy of God always as vividly and clearly as I feel it now.”

    “I think,” Father Seraphim answered me, “that the Lord will help you to retain it in your memory forever, or His goodness would never have instantly bowed in this way to my humble prayer and so quickly anticipated the request of poor Seraphim; all the more so, because it is not given to you alone to understand it, but through you it is for the whole world, in order that you yourself may be confirmed in God’s work and may be useful to others.

    The fact that I am a Monk and you are a layman is utterly beside the point. What God requires is true faith in Himself and His Only-begotten Son.” . . .

    And during the whole of this time, from the moment when Father Seraphim’s face became radiant, this illumination continued; and all that he told me from the beginning of the narrative till now, he said while remaining in one and the same position. The ineffable glow of the light which emanated from him I myself saw with my own eyes. And I am ready to vouch for it with an oath.

    The true aim of our Christian life is the acquisition of the Holy Spirit. As for fasts, and vigils, and prayer, and almsgiving, and every good deed done because of Christ, they are only means of acquiring the Holy Spirit… Of course, every good deed done because of Christ gives us the grace of the Holy Spirit, but prayer gives us it to us most of all, for it is always at hand, so to speak, as an instrument for acquiring the grace of the Spirit. For instance, you would like to go to church, but there is no church or the service is over; you would like to give alms to a beggar, but there isn’t one, or you have nothing to give… you would like to do some other good deed in Christ’s name, but either you have not the strength or the opportunity is lacking. This certainly does not apply to prayer. Prayer is always possible for everyone, rich and poor, noble and humble, strong and weak, healthy and sick, righteous and sinful.

    — St. Seraphim of Sarov

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Copyright © All rights reserved. | Newsphere by AF themes.