Points of Difference Between Orthodox and Protestant Religious Teachings From the correspondence of the New Martyr Grandduchess Elizabeth with her father, Grandduke Louis IV of Hesse and the Rhine, 18913 min read
Protopresbyter John Yanishev
Thank you to Brother Michael
A. Points of Difference between the Orthodox and the Protestant religious teachings:
1) The Orthodox Church recognizes as a source of divine revelation of Truth not only Holy Scripture but also Holy Tradition which totally agrees with the Scriptures and is always recognized by the entire ancient Christian churches. The Orthodox Church recognizes the Ecumenical Councils as inviolable witnesses of this tradition, which were all assembled before the renovations of the Roman Church and the split of the latter from the Oriental (Orthodox), that is prior to the ninth century.
2) In the Orthodox Church it is not the Apostolic Creed as known in the West, but the Nicean-Constantinopolitan (composed during the First and Second Ecumenical Councils) which is read or sung during public and private divine services, without the Roman addition of the Filioque, which teaches that the Holy Spirit proceeds not only from the Father (John 15:26), but also from the Son.
3) Besides the two sacraments of Baptism and Holy Communion, from apostolic times the Orthodox Church also includes the following five: Chrismation, Confession, Priesthood, Matrimony, and Holy Unction. The ordination to Priesthood takes place from the Holy Apostles in an unbroken line of succession of bishops and only then is recognized as valid.
4) The Orthodox Church is the spiritual and, through faith and love, forever united assembly of all the living and departed faithful. In the Orthodox Church, the expression of this unity in faith and love is found in her prayers for the departed, the ideas of purgatory and the letter of indulgence of the Roman Church being completely foreign to her; on the other hand she invokes God through her glorified Saints, without participating in the Roman error of exaggerating the merits of the Saints or praying to them as to some superhuman beings.
5) The Orthodox Church holds it proper to possess and venerate sacred images of Christ and the Saints in churches and in the home, not in order to worship them, which is strictly forbidden by the Church, but through gazing at the sacred images to kindle a desire to remember and imitate the pious attributes and glorious deeds of the depicted.
B. The main points of difference between the Orthodox and the Roman religious teachings are, besides the above mentioned (of which the dogmatic innovation concerning the teaching about the Holy Spirit is considered the most important), the following:
1) The Vatican Proclamation about the infallibility of the Pope and his absolute power over Christendom, which is contrary to the faith of the ancient Church and contradicts and destroys the constitution of the Church, and the proclamation of Pope Pius IX in 1854 on the Immaculate Conception of the Virgin Mary, which is not grounded in Holy Scripture and Tradition, are absolutely foreign to the Orthodox Church. She believes in Jesus Christ as her single eternal Head, and in the Holy Spirit as her highest ruler and director. Infallibility and the highest authority to determine Christian truth belong, as already mentioned, to the whole Orthodox Church, whose voice, inspired by the Holy Spirit, directed Ecumenical Councils.
2) In the Holy Eucharist, the faithful receive both particles as always and to this day.
3) Celibacy and the diverse monastic orders are unknown in the Orthodox Church. The clergy (priests) are free to marry before ordination or, to remain unmarried. Those who do not marry and wish to enter a monastery must profess the vows of obedience, poverty, and virginity. Educated monastics usually serve for a while at theological institutes and are later elevated to the rank of bishop.
4) The divine services are celebrated in the language of the country.
5) The Church also strives to spread the Holy Scripture in the language of the laypeople.
Protopresbyter John Yanishev
25 March 1891
1 thought on “Points of Difference Between Orthodox and Protestant Religious Teachings From the correspondence of the New Martyr Grandduchess Elizabeth with her father, Grandduke Louis IV of Hesse and the Rhine, 1891”
The Holy Martyrs of Mount Athos (January 4th/17th) tortured and murdered by the Roman Catholics in the 13th century.
The Holy Martyrs of Mount Athos (January 4th) murdered by the papists
by Ghervasios Paraschevopoulos
“There was a time when the Byzantine emperor of Constantinople – Michael the VIII-th, Palaeologus (1259-1282), seeking the political help of Pope Urban the IV (1261-1264), promissed to cooperate towards “the unification” of the Eastern Orthodox Church with the heretical Pope of Rome.”
Note: Emperor Michael VIII of Constantinopolis was a politician and stateman, a man of weak faith. He was tempted by the growth and prosperity of the Caesaro-Papism emerging from the Holy Roman Empire, and he asked for a military and political alliance only, which the Pope refused, and demanded instead, a full capitulation of the Patriarch of Constantinople, in other words, a Unia, in which Christ our God as the head of the Church is denied and replaced by the Pope of Rome. ed. note Brother Michael.
“… The Patriarch of Constantinopolis Joseph I (1267-1275) refused and reminded the Emperor of the common oath the Patriarch and the Pope had given before being appointed by the Church, where they recognize and glory Jesus Christ as the King of Kings. The papal tyrannical rule is contrary to the Gospel, the Holy Canons and the Holy Tradition.”
” The Pope’s insolent claims with regard to the unia were:
1.– an oath of allegiance to the pope by all clergy.
Note: By this people renounced Christ our God and King, and capitulates to an impostor tyrant in full conscience.
2.- The indoctrination of people should be in accordance with the blasphemies and heresies of the Pope of Rome and especially with the addition of Filioque in the Symbol of Faith (the Creed) by teaching that the Holy Spirit proceeds not only from the Father but also “from the Son”;
Note No reasoning of any kind can obscure the perfectly precise words of the Savior:
“the Comforter, whom I will send unto you from the Father, and immediately afterwards, the Spirit of Truth, which proceedeth from the Father” (John 15:26).
Not in vain are we advised not to add or take from the Scriptures, see what a plethora of blasphemies, heresies and false teachings are contained in the “filiocue” where the blasphemy against the Holy Spirit, and Christ become evident. Are they calling Christ the Truth a liar? Are they distorting the writings of the Holy Scripture?
3.– The Pope should be considered “appointed by God” infailible to judge and decide irrevocably and without appeal in any dogmatic matter.
-In this way, the Pope becomes an Antichrist, placing himself in the place of the Right Judge, and usurping the place of the Holy Spirit who speaks by the prophets and the Holy Fathers of the 7 ecumenical councils.-
From the most outstanding theologians and pastors, to the most simple laypersons, the Church as a Whole stayed with Patriarch Joseph I and opposed the Emperor’s orders to capitulate to the Pope of Rome.
The devil in his mad attempt to destroy the Church and wipe every Christian from the face of the earth, enticed both the Emperor and the Pope of Rome to start a joint persecution of Orthodox Faihtful.
Orthodox comes from the greek words “orthos” meaning right or correct, and the infinitive tense of the verb “doxa/doxasu) which means to Glory, and not opinion as today’s pro-unionists want us to believe.
As we can see from the hagiographies, the only godly union is when heretics, apostates, and the heathen, ask to be received in the Church through Her God loving pastors, and not all the way round.